Tag Archives: science

New video about soft sweeps

12 Jul

I made a new video about why soft sweeps are more common than you may think!

This is a second video about a paper I published in 2017 with Joachim Hermisson.

I hope that these videos make it easy to understand some of the main conclusions from our paper!


It’s the sequel to this one:


Hermisson, J. and Pennings, P.S. 2017, Soft sweeps and beyond: understanding the patterns and probabilities of selection footprints under rapid adaptation. Methods Ecol Evol, 8: 700–716. 2017Hermisson_Pennings_Methods_in_Ecology_and_Evolution.


Review paper on HIV drug resistance is out

17 Jun

My review paper on HIV drug resistance for Infectious Disease Reports is out (see here). It is part of a special issue entitled “Current perspectives in HIV/AIDS“. You can download the paper here: Pennings2013IDR

Abstract: Access to combination antiretroviral treatment (ART) has improved greatly over recent years. At the end of 2011, more than eight million HIV-infected people were receiving ART in low-income and middle-income countries. ART generally works well in keeping the virus suppressed and the patient healthy. However, treatment only works as long as the virus is not resistant against the drugs used. In the last decades, HIV treatments have become better and better at slowing down the evolution of drug resistance, so that some patients are treated for many years without having any resistance problems. However, for some patients, especially in low-income countries, drug resistance is still a serious threat to their health. This essay will review what is known about transmitted and acquired drug resistance, multi-class drug resistance, resistance to newer drugs, resistance due to treatment for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission, the role of minority variants (low-frequency drug-resistance mutations), and resistance due to pre-exposure prophylaxis.


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